Disaster Vulnerability Profile
Events of occurrence of natural and manmade disasters have become more frequent with far-reaching, and widespread impact. As a result, ensuring the
safety, security and prosperity of all parts of our society has been more challenging. Preparedness is an essential cornerstone of effective emergency
management. Today’s changing reality is affecting all levels of Government in their efforts to improve their Nation’s resilience while grappling with
the limitations of their capabilities. Even in small and medium-sized disasters, which the local Government is generally effective at managing, still
significant gaps exist to access the services.
During 1996 to 2015, the SCO countries have lost 300,000 lives to natural disasters. The economic losses from disasters are also extremely high and
cascading. All countries are exposed to a range of natural and man-made hazards. Natural events like earthquakes, floods, storms, landslides,
epidemics etc are the major killers. The frequency and intensity of hydro-meteorological hazards is likely to rise in view of the climate change.
In an interconnected world, risk reduction is no longer merely a local activity. Actions in one part of the world affect risks in other parts of
the world. Even when there is no obvious link between disasters in two distant geographies, underlying challenges in preventing disasters are
common across the world. Therefore, all countries shall innovate and push the envelope so as to build a safer world for ourselves and for the
generations to come.
Nearly 40% of the humanity lives in SCO member countries. If member countries are able to prevent and reduce the impact of disasters and emergencies,
it will have huge global benefits. None of the global targets on reducing disasters losses – whether they are enshrined in the Sendai Framework or
Sustainable Development Goals – can be met by 2030, unless they are achieved by the SCO member countries as well. International cooperation in this
area is, therefore, important for all.